The contrasts are abundant. In spite of the desperation and void that have replaced the once so firm belief in the blessings of modernity, there are enough occasions when, like during the gay parade in Salvador, the city becomes a stage for an outburst of optimism. And still, those who have migrated to the cities often just could not be worse off.
On the other side, the popular religious faith and a deep-rooted sense of a culture of one’s own can survive even in the city slums. And it certainly does among those who have decided to stay in the sertão, the dry backlands. In Palmares, a settlement of the Landless Workers’ Movement (MST) in the interior of Ceará, seu Antônio, father of ten sons all named Francesco, likes to recollect memories of the land occupation that brought so many together.
Next to the internationally known MST, there are also others like the upsurgent indigenous peoples, who challenge the traditional power of big landowners and other gatekeepers in the society. If they are to survive, they cannot but be on the move, socially, politically, and emotionally.
|Special thanks to:||MST Palmares, Luzia XXX in Crateús; Maria Amelia Leite, Aline and Flôrencio / Associação Missão Tremembé; Jan Glissenaar / Vereniging Wederzijds; Jon Levy / FOTO8|